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单曦老师-托福口语Task1答题思路
2019-03-01 09:38:32

托福口语有六部分,其中Task 1是独立口语,有15秒准备和45秒答题时间。那么,Task 1有哪几种提问类型?大体可以采取什么思路答题呢?

一、描述个人经历类题目的答题思路

My favorite ____ is _____(如果是过去的经历,时态需要使用过去式).
There are two reasons for this.
First, ______
Second, _______
So for this two reasons, my favorite ___ is ____.(没时间可以不说)
例如:
What is your favorite recreational activity?
My favourite recreational activity is walking my dog in the park. There are two reasons. First, I enjoy taking my dog to the park in my free time because it is relaxing and healthy. I have a very busy life during the week and I spend most of the time in the classroom listening to the teachers, so when I have some spare time, I take my dog to the park and that makes me feel refreshed and recharged.Second, my dog is a perfect walking companion. He never runs unless I ask him to. He just walks some steps ahead of me and sometimes looks at me with a happy face. So, basically for these two reasons, my favourite recreational activity is walking my dog in the park.

二、问一个现象的优缺点题目的答题思路

While some may disagree, I believe that _____
To begin with, ______
In addition to this, _______
So for these two reasons, ____(没时间可以不说)
例如:
Is the Internet a good or bad thing for the music industry?
While some may disagree, I believe that the music industry benefits from the internet. To begin with, people are able to find new artists with the help of social media and YouTube.Specifically,if you click on an artist you already like, more artists, sometimes lesser known ones pop up on the interface. In addition to this, the internet has made purchasing songs easier. Rather than be forced to buy an entire album, you can purchase individual songs off the album and download them to listen. This way, the listeners have more options with lower price. For these two reasons, I think that the internet is a good thing for the music industry.

三、问你有什么建议类题目的答题思路

If ____, I would give him/her two pieces of advice/ I would advise ___ to ____ for two reasons.
First, ____  Second, ____/The second piece of advice would be ____
To sum up, if ____, I would recommend that _____(可以不说) 
例如:
Your friend has just moved to a new city and is nervous about making new friends. What advice would you give your friend? Please include specific details and examples in your response. 

I would probably give him two pieces of advice. First, not to be shy. I mean he should on purposely put himself out there to make friends. If he stays in his house all day, friends will definitely come to him and be around! Second, remember that it takes time to make true friends and many friends. Maybe he isn’t making as many friends as he thought he would or even something he expected about friendship goes wrong. In this case, he should have a little patience to himself and people who he wants to build up friendship with. I believe a longer time will well worth it and at last, he will make it.

四、三选一题的答题思路

I think that _____ (or I would choose _____) for two reasons.
First, (compared to ____, ) ______
Second, ________
So for these two reasons, I believe that ____ (没时间可以不说)
例如:
Which of the following choices do you think has the greatest impact on environmental protection? (1) Governmental regulations (2) Environmental awareness groups (3) Individual efforts
I think the governmental regulations have the biggest impact on environmental protection. First, they make citizens follow the law. For example, in Japan, if you don’t recycle properly, say, you empty the trash into the wrong bins, you will receive a fine. Second, when the government steps in to make regulations, it also educates the public. This is because when the government introduces a new environmental policy, they will explain why they are doing it, so people will gradually enhance their  awareness of pro-environment. For these two reasons, I believe that governmental regulations have the biggest impact on environmental protection.

这种题现在考得最多,我们再举一个例子:
Your degree requires you to take one course, which one would you choose? (1) Energy and environment (2) Health and nutrition (3) Solar system
I would choose health and nutrition classes for two main reasons. First, I deal with nutrition every single day. When I am trying to make healthy choices for my body, I am sometimes uncertain about what foods are the most nutritious. A health and nutrition class would surely ease that trouble and help me make choices that are good for my body. Second, I am not very interested in sciences, so I don’t think an energy and environment or solar system class would be very intriguing to me. So, for these two reasons, I would choose to take a health and nutrition class, instead of energy and environment, or solar system course.
思路是使逻辑线索清晰的一个小窍门,但不是一成不变的。换句话说,你也可以自己按照上面的思路,拓展属于自己的思路。其实,Task 1 的答题思路可以是两点两线,例如上面这些;但也可以在观点后的支持论证部分使用一个具体例子,特别是过去发生的例子进行垂直拓展,只是那样需要更多的细节。
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